Skip to:Main Content

Washington and Lee University

Washington and Lee University

Sara Whipple

Visiting Assistant Professor of Psychology

Parmly Hall 238
(540) 458-4692

My research focuses on the intersection of developmental psychology and education.  Most broadly I study the effects of risk on children's development, with a specific interest in academic achievement and attainment.  In the past I have focused on the adverse impact of multiple risks on academic, behavioral, and social outcomes in infants and elementary aged children.  My recent work emphasizes the effect of cumulative risk on children's ability to self regulate. 


Cornell University, Ph. D.
University of Richmond, M.A.
Wake Forest University, B.A.


Cumulative Risk
Academic Achievement
Self Regulation
Educational Policy


  • PSYC 113 Principles of Development
  • PSYC 235 Effects of Poverty on Families and Children
  • PSYC 395 Parenting

Selected Publications

  • Whipple, S.S., Evans, G.W., Barry, R.L., & Maxwell, L.E. (2010).  An ecological perspective on cumulative school and neighborhood risk factors related to achievement.  Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 31, 422-427. doi: 10.1016/j.appdev.2010.07.002
  • Evans, G.W., Li, D., & Whipple, S.S. (2013).  Cumulative risk and child development.  Psychological Bulletin.  doi: 10.1037/a0031808