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Washington and Lee University

Washington and Lee University

2007-2008 Undergraduate Catalog

Special Course Descriptions: Fall -- Winter -- Spring
C&D Form for Proposing Changes

Changes to the Catalog since Publication

The entire 2007-2008 Undergraduate Catalog as a single PDF file

Caution: The course offerings and requirements of Washington and Lee University are under continual examination and revision. This catalog is not a contract; it merely presents the offerings and requirements in effect at the time of publication and in no way guarantees that the offerings and requirements will not change. The University specifically reserves the right to change requirements for any major during any particular year.

Whenever changes in course offerings or requirements occur, students will be notified by a posting outside the Office of the University Registrar. The individual student assumes full responsibility for compliance with all academic requirements. Current course offerings may be obtained from the appropriate department. Current major and degree requirements may be obtained from the University Registrar, the Dean of the College, the Dean of the Ernest Williams II School of Commerce, Economics, and Politics, or from the head of the appropriate department.

Courses of study

General Information

The College
Williams School
School of Law

Student Life
Requirements and Regulations
Special Academic Opportunities & Resources
Application for Admission
Expenses and Financial Aid

Courses of Study: General Information

This catalog presents, subject to change, the courses that can reasonably be expected to be offered during the academic year. A course is the minimum amount of work in a given subject for which credit is granted. Each course is indivisible and has a separate number and separate grade for each term.

The term in which each course is offered and whether the class has a laboratory meeting are cited below the description of the course. Some courses are given only in alternate years. In such cases, the course listing is accompanied by an indication of the year in which it is to be given, if known. The departmental listing of faculty is presented alphabetically by rank with the department head listed first in the appropriate rank. Courses are numbered on the following basis:

100-199-Introductory courses or course sequences ordinarily taken by freshmen or sophomores.
200-299-Intermediate courses or course sequences with or without prerequisites ordinarily taken by sophomores or juniors.
300-399-Advanced courses or course sequences, with specified prerequisites (courses, class standing, or special permission) ordinarily taken by juniors or seniors. Students may be admitted to advanced courses (1) if they have met the prerequisite, or (2) in exceptional cases, with the approval of the department and the appropriate dean.
400-499-Independent work (directed studies, directed projects, tutorials, internships, seniors theses, and honors theses).

Permission to substitute courses in major requirements may be granted in exceptional circumstances by the department or program committee through its head.

Note: Courses which meet a General Education or Foundation and Distribution (FDR) requirement have a code from the following list in parentheses at the end of the course description. For example, (HL, GE3) indicates that the course may be used toward meeting the literature requirement as an FDR Humanities Literature or General Education area 3 course. Students who matriculated prior to Fall 2007 follow the General Education designations and students who matriculate beginning with Fall 2007 follow the Foundation and Distribution codes. General Education and FDR goals, requirements, and courses which meet each requirement, are listed on pages 62-70. They are also available from the University Registrar Web page at


FW Writing GE1 English Composition
FL Foreign Language GE2 Foreign Language
FM Mathematics and Computer Science GE3 Literature
FP Physical Education GE4 Fine Arts, History, Philosophy and Religion
HU Humanities GE5 Science and Mathematics
HA Arts GE6 Social Sciences
HL Literature GE7 Physical Education
SL Laboratory
SC Additional Science, Mathematics, or Computer Science
SS Social Science


Accounting English Philosophy
African-American Studies Environmental Studies Physical Education
Anthropology & Archaeology French Physics
Art Geology Politics
Biochemistry German Portuguese
Biology Greek Poverty & Human Capability
Business Administration History Psychology
Chemistry Interdepartmental Public Speaking
Chinese Italian Religion
Classics Japanese Romance Languages
Computer Science Journalism & Mass Commun. Russian
Dance Latin Russian Area Studies
East Asian Lang. & Lit Literature in Translation Sociology
East Asian Studies Mathematics Spanish
Economics Medieval & Renaissance Studies Theater
Education Music University Scholars
Engineering Neuroscience Women's Studies


Matters of Record